The emergence of new professions has always been a constant in human history, following the advancement in technology and the complexity of civilizations.
Today, it is no different.
The labor market, whether in the public or private initiative, is renewed, requiring new skills.
In this context, whoever acquires knowledge and develops the most valued skills in new occupations stands out easily.
Following the evolution of the professions, therefore, is an exercise of great utility, especially for those who are entering the market now.
This does not mean that it is also not useful for more experienced professionals and administrators.
Later, we will explain why they also need to stay connected in the new professions.
Throughout this article, we will talk about some of them and give an overview of the current job market, in addition to the perspective for the coming years.
See the topics we have prepared for your reading:
- What are the new professions?
- Why do you need to prepare for the professions of the future?
- Technology, trends and the labor market
- What is the Digital Age and how does it impact professions?
- Professions on the rise in the future by areas
- Health Area
- Other areas and trends
- How to prepare for the future of the job market?
If the subject matter, keep reading!
What are the new professions?
New professions are occupations that have emerged, transformed or grown significantly in importance in the past months and years.
They can also be trades on which there is a great expectation of appreciation in the near future.
There are several reasons that result in the emergence of new professions, but in all cases there is one factor in common: functions are recognized, valued or sought after by a considerable number of people or companies.
What we mean by that is that an administrator can create a new position in your company, with an innovative job description .
But it will only be considered a new profession if it is disseminated in other companies, creating a standard.
Which does not mean that all new professions are massive, as this phenomenon can be observed in niche markets.
Typically, new professions are created to meet, either directly or through the mediation of large companies, a growing need of the population.
That is why these functions tend to pay well, as they are linked to an increase in demand.
Why do you need to prepare for the professions of the future?
For young students who are preparing to enter the job market , knowing the professions of the future is essential.
After all, many will start university training, which takes years and requires a lot of effort and dedication.
After all this, when they obtain their diploma, what will they do if the profession for which they prepared has devalued?
The normal duration of an undergraduate course is four years. During that time, the job market is changing.
It is therefore important, when planning a career, to seek to reconcile personal interests and vocations with the opportunities of the professions of the future.
As for professionals who are already active, monitoring the evolution of new professions is important so that they do not become stagnant.
Whatever your age or experience in the market, you can always develop and discover new skills.
In other words, new professions are not only occupied by young people. Not least because many of them are transformations of existing professions.
Finally, in the case of managers, keeping an eye on these labor market movements is, of course, part of their job.
For, as we explained before, the emergence of new professions is closely related to the demand for different products and services.
And this is an issue that undeniably interests managers and business owners in any area.
Technology, trends and the job market
Today, there is so much talk about technology and its impacts on our lives that it seems that this is a recent issue.
In fact, the history of technological development began millions of years ago, when the first hominids began to produce tools and deliberately alter nature.
What happens is that, now, technological changes are faster than ever, so we can better understand how they impact our lives.
Anyone of Generation Y or earlier remembers what it was like to get lost in a city or highway and have to ask for information.
Today, this rarely happens because any smartphone has applications with a map and GPS.
Many of these innovations are irrelevant at first glance, but in fact, they are part of a scenario in which companies and the labor market are transforming.
Because technology generates new management practices, with hardware and software that automate and optimize the most diverse processes.
In this way, professions that were previously relevant may lose their meaning, at the same time that they open the way for new professional profiles.
As the one who understands the role of these technological solutions, he knows how to manage them and, mainly, how to insert them in the company’s strategy.
In this context, works involving algorithm programming, data processing and analysis are among the main trends.
But the new professions are not restricted to these areas.
Later, we will talk about other trends in the labor market for the coming years.
What is the Digital Age and how does it impact professions?
The Digital Age, which we can also call the Information Age, is the current reality in which technologies have increasingly assumed the role of mediators in human relations.
Not to mention human interactions with machines and between machines themselves.
In any case, it is a reality that follows the Industrial Age.
Since then, there have been profound changes in the way we communicate, either individually or in the form of organizations.
With the popularization of computers and the internet, distances have been shortened, which has been accentuated more recently, with the spread of smartphones, tablets and the 3G connection.
Globalization has also advanced, which brings both opportunities (greater potential audience) and challenges (greater competition) for companies.
In the Digital Age, information has become a very valuable asset and the growth of data storage and processing technologies (big data) demonstrates this.
This dynamic has an impact on the job market, with the need to have new professional profiles, who know how to deal with this large amount of information.
He who is able to add technical skills to deal with technology and strategic thinking gets great prominence.
After all, just mastering technological tools has long ceased to be a differentiator – it’s just a prerequisite.
Professions on the rise in the future by areas
Even today, there are professionals who think that their area of expertise will not be impacted by technological development.
This is a mistake: no matter how important and traditional, every area suffers some level of direct or indirect impact.
The tradition of artisanal confection valued among consumers of a certain product, for example, can be maintained, but there is a transformation in the sales and promotion channels.
For you to understand better, here are some insights on new professions in different areas of the economy.
Management is present in all businesses: they only grow and give good results if they are well managed.
The administrator does not lose any space with the technology, but his profile changes a little.
In the Information Age, professionals who understand the intersections between technology and management become more valued.
Managers who don’t know what big data or cloud computing is, for example, are disconnected from today’s reality.
After all, technology provides excellent opportunities to reduce costs and improve decision making.
It’s what we call business intelligence: taking advantage of the wealth of information to act smarter.
For that, it is necessary to have a management that recognizes the most relevant information technology (IT) resources and invests in them wisely.
In the area of health, we should also observe the emergence of new professions.
Starting with biogenetics , which involves manipulating DNA to treat diseases and genetic disorders.
This is a job that requires great specialization, of course, and depends on a strong base of scientific research before developing a new job market.
In any case, the best vacancies in this area will be filled by professionals with years or decades of studies.
But the health area will also have job opportunities that can be explored by professionals with other levels of education.
This is the case for caregivers, a job that is not on the list of new professions, but whose demand for the service they provide tends to grow constantly.
Thanks to the increase in life expectancy rates – and the consequent aging of the population – observed worldwide.
Something that can change the role of these professionals is the mastery of technologies such as wearables, devices that patients wear and provide information about their health.
Directly or indirectly, everyone is impacted by technology.
Even those who do not work, as the British film Me, Daniel Blake shows, in which a gentleman has great difficulty in completing online forms necessary to claim social benefits.
But among those who work directly with technology are some of the main jobs on the list of new professions.
Analysts, programmers and managers should be highly valued in areas such as:
- Big data: we need software to collect, store and process the huge amount of big data data
- Artificial intelligence (AI): is no longer a science fiction story, machines are making decisions on their own. But someone needs to program them
- Machine learning: the evolution of AI is machines that are programmed to learn from their own experiences
- Internet of Things (IoT): the three technologies we talked about above allow connected objects to be created, smarter and more efficient than ever.
Technology also impacts the activities of marketers.
Today there are countless automation tools and customer data capture, which provide companies with relevant information to create communication strategies.
You would think that this reality, which even has chatbots serving users who want to answer questions over the internet, makes communication more impersonal and less human.
But the opposite is the case. You can meet and segment your audience and display personalized messages like never before.
With technology shortening distances and saving time, it’s easier to have total focus on the customer and their deepest desires.
Some of the new marketing professions:
- UX designer and writer: the professional in this area seeks to find the solution that provides the best possible user experience (after all, UX is the English acronym for user experience)
- Business intelligence analyst: Just as we talk about management, marketers will also have to learn to consider data in decision making
- Community manager: is a social media analyst who has the strategic function of acting as a spokesperson for a brand on these channels, interacting with the public and always seeking to reflect the company’s identity.
Engineering is a very broad field, which involves the application of scientific and mathematical knowledge in solving practical and technical problems.
With such a generic scope, it is natural that there are several branches, such as civil engineering, mechanics, etc. You will never see a course that is just “engineering”.
Some branches that already exist should be highly valued, such as the computer engineer and energy engineer, due to the growing investments in renewable energy sources.
Greater concern for the environment will also result in greater appreciation of environmental engineers and those dealing with waste management.
In industries, there is a large labor market for control and automation engineers.
Among the new professions, we will notice a reinvention of the agricultural engineer , who must be prepared to design the use of drones, automatic machines, internet of things and big data in the field.
For the more distant future, who knows, maybe one day the space engineer will be a booming profession? But not to design rockets, but structures on other planets.
The Information Age succeeds the Industrial Age because we observe startups with virtual products stealing the leading role of large industries in the list of the largest companies in the world.
Google, Facebook and Uber are just a few examples of scalable companies , who make millions worldwide with just a few offices and a lot of knowledge instead of giant factories and a lot of raw materials.
It does not mean that the industries are finished, just as the advancement of automation does not mean that they are no longer important employers.
Only the jobs generated are more qualified. Engineers, programmers, IT analysts and designers will always have a good market in the industry.
Professionals need to be trained to see opportunities to use technology to reduce costs and add value to products.
Other areas and trends
We have given a lot of prominence to technology throughout this text, as it is and will be increasingly present in our personal and professional lives.
But we know that misuse of technology can lead to stress, anxiety and other problems.
Who never wanted to be away from everything for a week, disconnect, without consulting e-mail, social networks, anything?
In this sense, coaches and courses that teach how to have a healthier relationship with technology are also valued.
As well as nature retreats and other solutions that seek to help people have a more balanced life.
How to prepare for the future of the labor market?
The first step you have already taken: stopped to research the new professions in the labor market.
This text, however, is just a brief introduction on the subject.
We recommend that you select the areas that most interest you and do a more in-depth research on the opportunities that are emerging.
We also suggest reading other articles on our blog, where we talk more about certain rising professions or give broader tips about the current job market.
In addition, be sure to check out the Fundação Instituto de Administração (FIA) courses.
In addition to the graduation that received top marks in all Enade assessments, there are Postgraduate, MBA, Post-MBA, Master and Extension courses.
Anyone who wants to have success in the current job market must be willing to face a lot of competition.
The competition is healthy because it encourages the constant professional qualification of everyone looking for a good place.
The smartest thing, however, is to look for alternatives to circumvent it.
Those who specialize in skills valued in the new professions, for example, have fewer competitors to overcome.
Just identify what the market is most in need of and has a harder time finding.
The next step is to get theoretical and practical knowledge to perform such functions and that’s it: the person becomes a highly sought after professional.
This journey can be followed even by those who have no interest in programming and other technical knowledge that are highly valued today.
After all, all professions change over the years, so that there are always doors open for those who are aware.